In Canada, we support the International Boreal Conservation Campaign, which works with First Nations to protect at least one billion acres of intact forest by the end of 2022. About 80 percent of this forest, extending from Newfoundland to the Yukon, is still relatively intact. Nearly half of all common bird species in the United States rely on boreal habitat for nesting or migratory stopovers. The IBCC effort will yield tremendous social benefits that include biological diversity, carbon sequestration, clean water and air, healthy communities, and revenues from sustainable economic activity. IBCC’s goal is to ensure that North America’s boreal forest is the most-protected, best-managed large-scale ecosystem in the world, with First Nations taking the lead in proposing their own protected areas.